In March 2020, a coronavirus epidemic was declared in Slovenia, which, with its enormous negative socio-economic impact on the economic and social situation, will significantly change the baselines for the realisation of the Slovenian Development Strategy 2030 (SDS), which is monitored by the Development Report – an annual publication prepared by the Institute of Macroeconomic Analysis and Development. As a consequence of the urgent protective measures, the current situation will have a significant negative impact on economic activity. At the same time, it has also shown that in some areas where Slovenia has not taken appropriate measures in the past or where progress has been too slow, it has become even more vulnerable during the period of the epidemic (e.g. a high share of precarious jobs, no systemic regulation of long-term care, waiting times in health care, lack of digital skills among the population, administrative barriers and the length of certain procedures). In the short term, an absolute priority is measures to support the functioning of the health system and, in the economic area, measures to alleviate the consequences of the epidemic, which will help businesses and the population bridge liquidity problems due to loss of income and ensure, to the greatest possible extent, the preservation of jobs and social potential. The measures for a gradual revival of the economy and stabilisation of the economic and social situation should be designed in a way that they will, as far as possible, also be oriented towards solving Slovenia’s key development challenges, which are analysed in our Development Report 2020.