The quantity of total waste generated, which was declining during the crisis, has been rising in the last few years. In 2016 the quantity of waste was, for the fourth consecutive year, higher than one year previously and around one-quarter higher than in 2012. Waste from production and service activities, which accounts for four-fifths of total waste, was rising more slowly during this period. The vast majority – around nine-tenths of waste – is usually generated by four sectors: (i) manufacturing, (ii) construction, (iii) electricity, gas and steam supply, and (iv) water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities. The largest share is accounted for by construction waste, as this has a high specific weight. The remaining fifth is municipal waste, i.e. waste from households and other waste of similar origin managed by the providers of mandatory municipal public services for environmental protection. The quantity of this waste increased by one-third in 2012–2016 and approached the EU average. Hazardous waste, where chemical compounds and other chemical waste predominate, account for 2% of total waste generated.
With increased waste recovery, the quantity of landfilled waste is decreasing relatively rapidly. The total quantity of waste recovered in 2016 was around three-quarters higher than a decade before. Recycling, a very desirable form of recovery from an environmental perspective, has risen slightly in recent years, but it is still significantly lower than during the crisis. In the period since the crisis, its share has more than halved, to 46% of total recovery. Landfilling, which is the least favoured option in the waste management hierarchy, continues to be successfully reduced. Having been rising until the crisis, the quantity of landfilled waste then dropped sharply and accounted for only 2% of the total amount recovered in 2016. The share of landfilled municipal waste also continues to decrease, as more than two-thirds of municipal waste is already collected separately and as residual mixed municipal waste must be treated before going to landfill; in 2016 it totalled around 8%.
In the area of municipal waste, Slovenia performs better than the EU as a whole. Despite the increase in recent years, the quantity of municipal waste generated per person is close to the EU average, though still slightly lower (in 2016 by 14 kg or around 3%). Waste management structure in Slovenia is also better than in the EU as a whole, a larger share of municipal waste being recycled (in Slovenia 54%; in the EU as a whole 46%) and a smaller share landfilled. However, as many as six EU Member States have already reduced their shares of landfilled municipal waste to below 3% of total waste generated.
Figure: Municipal waste generated and landfilled, 2016